Wine has been apart of the Egyptian culture since its beginning. The first dynastic tombs of Abydos held the first records of existence of vineyards and the earliest record of wine cellars. By the time of King Zoser, whose step pyramid was the first pyramid built there, existed a list of vineyards.
The three types of vineyards were:
- Incorporated into a formal garden for creating beauty as well as for utility
- Was a work of agriculture and existed in an orchard garden along with fruit trees and vegetables
- Formal vineyard as we know today, as those in Napa Valley
As these vineyard required a lot of water to maintain the quality, the best vineyards were in the Delta, followed by the Fayyum, Memphis, and then southern Egypt and the oasises.
Credit for information: http://www.touregypt.net/egypt-info/magazine-mag11012000-magf2.htm